Yegoryevsk. Bourgeois happiness
Troitse-Mariinsky monastery — Yegoryevsk «Stankin» — Sovetskaya street — Old believe church — Khludov manufactory

Among 800 towns in Moscow region Yegoryevsk has probably the most «Moscow-region» atmosphere. In a good, historical way: it is cosy, simple, surely with a textile factory, strategic educational institution and a bus station with buses to the capital every hour. Yegoryevsk is lucky to have almost Siberian forest Meshchora and an old believe village Guslitsy around it. But what is the most important — it is not between Moscow and something else, it is a direction itself.
The city structure is quite simple. Its main axis is Sovetskaya (Soviet) street (before revolution — Moskovskaya) and almost all the tourist attractions are near it. A bit aside, along Zapadnayastreet, there is a square with a railway station and a bus station. 

1. Troitse-Mariinsky monastery
  • Troitse-Mariinsky monastery
Young people in uniform are not uncommon in the streets of Yegoryevsk.
The first kilometer of the street is truly Soviet. Behind a pre-war house with an inscription «I praise a current Motherland, I praise thrice the future one!» there is a view at a monastery. It is a creation of a former city mayor NikiforBardygin, who in 1872—1901 turned Yegoryevsk into one of the best cities of Russia with street lighting, water-supply, good education. He also built a cloister with an alms-house for his wife, who wanted to go there like an old Russian princesses when she got old, but she had died before it was built. The ensemble of the 1890s is beautiful and simple: red fence, towers and gates, white Troitsky cathedral. You can visit just a small part around the cathedral. There is also Yegoryevsk aviation technical college named after Chkalov which was evacuated here from Gatchina in 1918, and stayed here. Young people in uniform are not uncommon in the streets of Yegoryevsk. A public park near the monastery is noteworthy because of its name: «of the 50th anniversary of Aeroflot».
2. Yegoryevsk «Stankin»
  • Yegoryevsk «Stankin»
You can reach another strategic educational institution if you go along Bardyginskaya street by a public park «Pegas», also created by NikiforBardygin. In 2 blocks you can see a few buildings in Victorian England style. The first one is a school, also named after Chkalov, because in the 1920s an aviation college was here. The next few buildings are full of all kinds of stuff. The last grey building with a tower was built in 1907 for a Mechanical-electric college. In Soviet times the manufactories in this college turned into a factory «Komsomolets», located in front of it. The factory is on the wane now, but the college is a branch of a Moscow Institute Stankin.
The view at Sovetskaya street.
3. Sovetskaya street
  • The view at Sovetskaya street
Museum of history and art in Yegoryevsk
From Bardyginskaya street to the east, Sovetskaya still has its «district» look. You can have a look at an old-time way of life in a museum situated in in two merchant houses: Kulakova (building 58, there is more nature here) and Nikitina (building 73, there is more culture here). The museum, by the way, is outstanding: it was nominated for European museum forum award in 2010. It was in a short-list of 30 candidates. 
Sovetskaya stress crosses 3 squares: the first one is on the crossroads with Tupitsyna street (only regional specialists know who Tupytsyn was). There is a monument to a basket here — as it sometimes happens in province, Yegoryevsk tries to be original. Round Lenin square with a monument to Lenin used to be called Sobornaya: there was a White Uspensky cathedral (1839), probably named as contrasted to the red one in Ryazan. The locals say that if it hadn’t been for its demolition in the Soviet times, Yegoryevsk would have been a part of the Golden Ring now. The square itself is impressive — a ring of «district» buildings 300 metres in diameter. In the third square there are a military memorial and a hotel, a bit further — Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, founded in 1879 in honor of a rescue of Alexander II from an act or terrorism. The building was finished only in 1897, after Alexander III’s death.
4. Old believe church
  • The church of St. George
The decoration of old believe churches is really reach, but remember that old-believers have very strict rules about the appearance and behaviour in the church.
Buildings on the both sides of Sovetskaya, between houses №116 and 117, used to be a patrimonial estate of Bryokhovs — merchants-old believers from Guslitsy, who owned a half of the city: multi-family residentials, manufactories, shops, estates (for example, PyotrBryokhov gathered local beggary to collect mushrooms and berries for him to sell). Behind the building 117 there was a secret house of prayer, which was rebuilt into Georgievskaya church after Old Belief legalization, in 1906. Its cupolas are of subtle shade of red, and you can see extremely Russian-looking beardy men near the gates. You can also go inside — the decoration of old believe churches is really reach, but remember that old-believers have very strict rules about the appearance and behaviour in the church.
5. Khludov manufactory
  • Khludov manufactory
The heart of Yegoryevsk is a former Khludov manufactory. You can see its red towers behind the Guslitsariver from Lenin Square. Along the way there is a small factory of Bardygins (ParizhskoyKomunny street, 16) and recently renewed wooden Kazanskaya church (1795) near the prison. Khludov brothers were typical examples of merchants-old believers from Moscow region: they came from common families in XIX, opened a manufactory in 1845, then one of them (Savely) stuck to the business, and the other (Alexey) became a patron of art — he started collecting books and manuscripts. There was even the Byzantian Book of Psalms of IX century in his collection. He also opened a manufactory in Baltic states. In Soviet times Yegoryevsk factory grew into a cotton industrial complex with its own narrow-gauge railway, but in modern times, like the majority of such factories, fell into decay. Nowadays some surreptitious Vietnamese workers work there trying to make a trade centre. There is a school built in 1895 next to the factory, initially built for workers’ children. Now it is a Georgievskaya gymnasium. There are also barracks, a hospital (a wooden building in Telman street) and the main building hangs over Yegoryevsk like a citadel. 

Where to eat

Like in the majority of towns in Moscow region, there are plenty of cafes in Yegoryevsk. Locals like a sushi bar Tokyo (Sovetskaya, 98).

Where to stay

There are two hotels in the city: «Yegoryevsk» in the centre (Sovetskaya, 125) and «Berezhki-Holl» in the suburbs (Kasimovskoeshosse, 45), both are quite decent, but not cheap (from 2500 roubles for a room).

How to get there

By car: 70 km on Yegoryevskoe highway.
By public transport:
—bus from Vykhino station (6:50—22:15 every 15—30 minutes)
—suburban trains from Kazansky train station at 6:48, 12:20 and 19:03.

Author: IlyaBuyanovsky

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