Pavlovsky Posad.To the homeland of shawls and Stierlitz
The museum of the history of Russian headscarf and shawl — Regional museum — Tikhonov’s house — Shirokov’s house
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Everyone’s main goal while visiting Pavlovsky Posad is shawls. And it’s no wonder: bright printed textile square is a landmark of this small town. Tourists buy tea sets in Gzhel, intricate sowbelly caskets with a typical pattern on them — in Fedoskino, and headscarfs, kerchiefs and shawls — in Pavlovsky Posad. Not being aware of other great things of this city. Let’s talk about them. 

1. The museum of the history of Russian headscarf and shawl
  • There are more than 400 exhibits in museum
Pavlovsky Posad became the center of textile industry not so long ago — at the end of the 19th century.
Pavlovsky Posad became the center of textile industry not so long ago — at the end of the 19th century. That was the time when local craftsmen came across a unique business idea — making printed shawls with original pattern. Printed textile had been made here before, but only in 1881, when Russian and French stockholders founded a big weaving factory in the city, all the craftsmen were united together. The brick-red building of the factory is very big, yet still there is no special museum dedicated to Pavlov-Posadsky manufacturing. 

But there is The museum of the history of Russian headscarf and shawl here. It was opened in March 2002 and is an example of a private initiative: the exposure is based on the collection of Vladimir Shishenin, local dweller and collector of rare works of fine art. There are more than 400 exhibits, mainly headscarves and shawls of the end of 18th — beginning of the 20th century made of different fabrics: woolen with handmade prints, silk headscarves and Soviet panels. The museum is located at the intersection between BolshayaPokrovskaya and Ordzhonikidze streets.

A few minutes walk, on the other side of Bolshaya Pokrovskaya, there is another museum, a must-visit for those who are interested in the history of the city.
2. Regional museum
  • This museum is the only place where you can be introduced to the process of printing on textile
The first thing tourists pay attention to is a small copy of Eiffel tower in an inner yard.
This one-storey wooden building looks much cozier than its predecessor, which used to be a concrete recreation centre. The first thing tourists pay attention to is a small copy of Eiffel tower in an inner yard. This fact can be surprising for those who don’t know the history of the town well. The tower, symbolizing Russian-French business relations, was built in Soviet times, but refers to the end of the 19th century. The French had been in Pavlovsky Posad before: during the Patriotic War of 1812 there was a battle between a divisions of general Ney and local peasants. There is a special room in the museum dedicated to these events. The highlight of the museum is headscarves and shawls. Tour guides demonstrate the process of printing on textile, and this museum is the only place where you can be introduced to this technique. You can’t enter the factory though: the craftsmen would be distracted by this. 
3. Tikhonov’s house
  • Vyacheslav Tikhonov was born and live in this house
People have been trying to make a “Stierlitz museum” there
Let’s go through Bolshaya Pokrovskaya until Volodarskogo street and stop next to the building 66. This, seemingly unremarkable wooden building, is very popular with tourists. You may want to ask them why — this building has no nameboard, no memorial sign. Meanwhile, a popular Russian actor Vyacheslav Tikhonov was born and live here with his parents for a long time. This is a patrimonial house, built by a grandfather of the actor’s grandfather before revolution. There is also a garden plot with an apple tree — of same age as Tikhonov. The owners changed a long ago, and people have been trying to make a “Stierlitz museum” there. There has been some progress in this case recently, after the authorities of Pavlovsky Posad decided to buy out the house for 7 million roubles. The renovated building is expected to become a museum of the actor with renewed interior. 
4. Shirokov’s house
  • Shirokov’s house is a memorial of civil architecture of the first half of the 19th century

Let’s go back to BolshayaPokrovskayastreet and go to Revolution Square. On the left there is a house of a merchant Shirokov with an exhibit room. On the right there is a fire-station with a fire-tower. Shirokov’s house is a memorial of civil architecture of the first half of the 19th century. DavydShirokov made it very durable and remarkable, but then, in 1861, passed it to the city authorities for social needs. There was an alms-house in the building, then a hospital. The building was gradually decaying until the city fathers paid attention to it. In 1994 a new exhibit room was opened in former properties of “the owner of the factories of silk and paper items”. There is also a special place with an exposition about merchants’ way of life. 

Let’s cross the square and find ourselves near the fire-station. There had been a fire science museum since 1999, but in 2003 it was closed, and all the exhibits were moved to the regional museum. 

What else to see

In Maxim Gorky Lane there is a working monastery Pokrovsko-Vasilyevsky, founded in the mid 70s of the 19th century on the funds of a manufacturer YakovLabzin, a founder of  the first factory of Pavlovsky Posad. The cloister became one of the most beautiful monasteries of Moscow Eparchy in terms of church decoration, the iconostasis is painted by the manufacture’s artists.

Where to eat

In “Krolichya Nora” (“Rabbit Hole”), Gorodkovskayast. 90. One of the best Caesar salads of Moscow region.

How to get there

By car: highway M-7 “Moscow—Nizhny Novgorod” (Gorkovskoye highway) or Nosovikhinskoye highway. 
Public transport: bus 386 from Partizanskaya metro station. The journey time is about two hours. Those who are afraid of traffic jams can take a suburban train from Kursky railway station. The journey time is 1.20 h. The ticket costs 140 roubles.

Author: Elena Sinitsyna

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